Physical activity is defined by the World Health Organisation as: “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure”.
People who are insufficiently active have a 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared to people who are sufficiently active. These deaths are mainly related to non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. The recommended level of physical activity varies with the age:
-for children and adolescents aged between 5 and 17years it is recommended to practice at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
-for adults it is recommended to practice at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or an equivalent combination of moderate and vigorous-intensity activity.
Regular and adequate levels of physical activity improve:
-Muscular and cardio-respiratory fitness
-Reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes, cancer and some mental problems